Pakistan: Resilient Livelihoods

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SP 2/Pakistan: From vulnerable to resilient livelihoods: developing a multi-scale gendered perspective

Livelihoods in rural areas are often fragile, in highland and in lowland contexts. The core area of study, the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan, is exposed to different types of risks and crises, from the absorption of millions of Afghan refugees, to earthquakes and very poor health indicators in national comparison. The region also shows comparatively wide gender gaps in access to livelihood assets. 


Migration is an increasingly important livelihood strategy, connecting rural to urban areas. Under these circumstances, households may still serve as entry points for the study of livelihood, but they have to be re-conceptualized as embedded in highly gendered networks of exchange and support, in which conflicts are negotiated, and people, goods and services move between different regions and between rural and urban places. These lose networks of people and institutions support or hinder resilience of livelihoods.

Therefore emphasis is given to the influence of gender and of the institutional context (i.e. social, economic, and political) at different scales (intra-household, regional, national, and global) on causing livelihood vulnerability at household level, and on fostering livelihoods resilience.

Project Leader: Dr. Karin Astrid Siegmann, Jan Ahmad Maqsood