The two rural research sites are located in Rufiji District in the small-town Ikwiriri and the village Bumba.
The study approach consists of four separate but consecutive research steps. The first step is the mapping of inter-national and national actors, whereas the second step is comprised of two community studies. Within the communities, 50 households each will be randomly selected (third step), and out of this household study, 25 elderly people each will be selected for the age cohort studies (fourth step). Qualitative research methodology will be applied, such as observation, interviews, and group discussions, and complemented with quantitative data.
- To investigate how people perceive, judge and represent old age and the ageing process.
- To identify household composition and care relationship of elderly people and compare their social network and economic environment.
- To look into resources and capacities of elderly people, which strenghten their resilience regarding care provision.
- To explore the significance of rural-urban relations for elderly people and their family.
- To find out the role and burden of older caregivers.
- To assess nature and priority of (health) care improvements for elderly people from an emic and etic perspective.